ADS2 CPD #1: Law

gDSC_3923.jpgPhoto: 16 current laws and 16 transformations, Gilbert Leung at DK-CM.

This year, whilst on sabbatical, ADS2 is holding a series of three CPD* workshops, one per term, open to all MA Architecture students.

Based on the sessions that ADS2 has run for several years, the workshops will be opportunities to ground projects in the realities of practice – law, economics and politics – and see these not as constraints but as fields for critical and creative design.

Each workshop will involve developing students’ thesis projects through an unfamiliar lens, and an unfamiliar format, to produce potentially profound and surprising design outputs.

Workshops will start with an evening briefing, a day-long working session with tutorials, and then an evening review, each framed by talks and criticism from invited special guests from outside of architecture: politicians, activists, economists, lawyers, policymakers, developers.

Each workshop will be run by David Knight and Finn Williams, with support from Asif Khan and Charles Holland and from invited guests.

The first workshop, Law, happened on the evening of 21 November and all day on the 22nd, with guests Cat Drew of the Cabinet Office Policy Lab, Asif Khan (ADS2) and Phineas Harper (The Architecture Foundation). Using only the Comment and Track Changes functions of Word, students explored the possibilities of 16 existing pieces of legislation and then developed interventions in each law, teasing our latent potentials or transforming them to achieve new ends.

* ‘Critical Professional Development’




A symbiosis model of a relation between landowner, developer and client is proposed where the site is still in the hands of an original owner and becomes a base **Money Factory – Superland** containing local businesses and production whose potential clients (new residents) are brought to the site by the developer.

The Value of Land(fill)


House prices across the UK continue to rise at a rate above inflation, making traditional forms of development less feasible unless supported by government initiatives such as the help to buy scheme.

One of the key causes of increased  house prices in the UK, is the price of land available for development . With government planning policies such as the Metropolitan Green Belt constraining the growth of urban areas, brownfield sites become increasingly sought after for development purposes.

Landfill operator, SITA  realizing this, propose a radical solution to Guildford Borough Council. Housing on the ultimate brown field site, landfill. Albury Landfill Site becomes Albury Sands a new housing enclave living off waste from other towns.

The graph shown explores two different models around which development could occur.

1. Immediate remediation of the site allowing for short term returns but loss in potential mineral extraction from the site over it’s lifetime.

2. Long term remediation through the construction and utilization of the development as a remediation process. Allowing SITA to profit from both the housing and mineral extraction from the site over the next 50-60 years.

White Land and Safeguarding

White Land and Safeguarding

The legislation that established the Metropolitan Green Belt has arguably changed less than any other regulation of its time in the intervening period. Following the Town and Country Planning Act of 1947, however, circular 50/57 outlined the concept of white land which represented the blurry boundary between Metropolitan Green Belt land and land allocated for future development. As the requisite for further infrastructure to bridge the green belt becomes a priority, the notion of white land is manifest through safeguarding. In the case of future High Speed Two infrastructure, this is represented by a 60 metre exclusion zone either side of the track; any properties within this are subject to a statutory blight order. These properties are purchased by the developer or local authority at market value, but are rendered immediately valueless by their position within the exclusion zone.

Through this study, I establish the notion of building on this valueless land and the conversion of valueless structures as acceptable within the confines of future Metropolitan Green Belt legislation. The above model represents a potential outcome of this at the intersection of High Speed Two and Wendover, in Aylesbury Vale.